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Egypt Protests Call for Pres. Resign   09/22 08:51

   CAIRO (AP) -- Rare anti-government protests broke out in several Egyptian 
cities late Friday calling on President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi to step down. The 
small street demonstrations were quickly dispersed by riot police using batons 
and tear gas.

   Dozens of people were arrested, including at least two journalists, 
according to the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights. No casualties 
were reported.

   El-Sissi is a former army general who's overseen an unprecedented political 
crackdown, silencing critics and jailing thousands.

   As defense minister, he led the military's overthrow of an elected but 
divisive Islamist president in 2013, amid mass protests against that 
president's brief rule.

   A subsequent sit-in by Islamists was broken up by Egyptian security forces 
in an operation that left hundreds dead.

   Laws passed later that year effectively outlawed all public protests, 
although there have been a few scattered flare-ups since.

   On Friday night, dozens of protesters gathered in the capital, Cairo, near 
Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the so-called Arab Spring uprising that toppled 
longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011.

   "This is a very important development because this was the first such 
protest against the rule of el-Sissi," said political scientist Mustafa Kamel 
el-Sayed of Cairo University. He said it "could lead to more protests in the 

   There were also small protests in other cities, including the Mediterranean 
city of Alexandria. The demonstrations came directly after a soccer game in 
Cairo between al-Ahly, Egypt's biggest team, and its archrival Zamalek.

   The protesters were responding to a call by a self-exiled businessman who 
has claimed corruption by the military and government without providing 

   In viral social media videos posted over the past weeks, Muhammad Ali has 
alleged his contracting business witnessed the largescale misuse of public 
funds in the building of luxurious hotels, presidential palaces and a tomb for 
el-Sissi's mother, who died in 2014.

   The allegations came as economic reforms and austerity have squeezed Egypt's 
lower and middle classes badly.

   In a rambling speech on Tuesday, El-Sissi angrily dismissed the corruption 
allegations as "sheer lies." However, he said he would continue building new 
presidential residences for the good of Egypt. "I am building a new country," 
he said.

   He portrayed Ali's videos as an attempt to weaken Egypt and undermine the 
public's trust in the military, and warned Egyptians against protesting or 
repeating the 2011 uprising.

   Egypt has for years been battling a long-running insurgency in North Sinai 
that is now led by an Islamic State group affiliate. His government also has 
the backing of the United States and other regional heavyweights like Saudi 
Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Israel.

   Human Rights Watch on Saturday urged Egyptian authorities to protect the 
right to peaceful protest.

   "President al-Sissi's security agencies have time and again used brutal 
force to crush peaceful protests," said Michael Page, deputy Middle East and 
North Africa director at HRW. "The authorities should recognize that the world 
is watching and take all necessary steps to avoid a repetition of past 

   Egyptian authorities did not immediately comment on the protests. El-Sissi 
was in New York Saturday to attend the United Nations summit meetings, the 
state-run MENA news agency reported.

   El-Sissi was elected president in 2014, and re-elected last year after all 
potentially serious challengers were either jailed or pressured to exit the 

   Changes to the country's constitution allowed el-Sissi to remain in power 
until 2030. The changes, which was adopted earlier this year in a national 
referendum, also further enshrined the military's role in politics. These moves 
are seen by critics as another step back toward authoritarianism.

   Later Saturday, the Interior Ministry, which oversees the police, said 
security forces had killed a suspected militant leader from the Hasm movement. 
It said two police officers were also wounded in the shootout in northern 
Cairo's el-Mataria neighborhood.


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